Manitou Miikana

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Show simple item record Lavigne, Jack 2023-05-12T13:11:04Z 2023-05-12T13:11:04Z 2023-05-12
dc.description Our inherent desire for a nature-based connection leads to the search for and exploration of rural communities and their predominantly natural settings. This anthropogenic form of visitation produces rifts between the tourists, the established community, and the environment. The tourism growth in these locations can stimulate opportunities and economic benefits for residents and businesses but advertises further capacity for increased development. Manitoulin Island, a large Island off the north coast of Lake Huron in Ontario, Canada, presents the opportunity for analyses and action in relation to these challenges. However, the recent increase in tourism on Manitoulin Island only highlighted pre-existing problems within its established communities. These challenges comprise of community and cultural disconnections as well as poor collaborations between stakeholders due to historical challenges, the Island’s vast scale, and the absence of a unified governing organization. To ensure a resilient future for Manitoulin Island, it is crucial to address the changing tourism landscape and the persistent issues facing it through a cohesive and connected intervention. The recent Manitoulin Island adaptation strategy was used as a framework for determining the needs of the Island and outlining a design strategy to address them. A main concept revealed from the public engagement reports within the adaptation strategy was accessibility involving the desire for pedestrian and cycling trails that connect communities with shared amenities. Research of comparable regions, such as Tobermory and Muskoka in Lake Huron, was conducted to identify common problems related to over-tourism and overcrowding that causes a strain on resident tourist relations and the quality of the environment. These regions illustrated the need to rethink the current mode of tourism and how the industry integrates with the established communities. In combination with existing challenges, a distinctive and interrelated design approach is essential. Placeknowing is an alternative concept to Placemaking that leverages the existing identity and culture to inform community planning and raises awareness of the intricate and turbulent history of Manitoulin. Additionally, sustainability is a critical concept for creating a resilient community that encompasses the resident-tourist relationship and the placeknowing concept. Sustainability involves balancing environmental, social, and economic aspects. For this reason, the following research questions were asked: How can an intervention or experience influence a shift to the current mode of tourism on Manitoulin Island, taking into account the established community and environment? What opportunities exist to create new spaces that foster positive connections and relationships across Manitoulin? How can the proposed intervention or experience align with the unique character of Manitoulin Island and inspire future development to be in line with it? How can Manitoulin Extend its active period and promote opportunities for community-based growth? This context-led study aims to enhance the rural landscape of Manitoulin through the creation of a physical network comprised of pedestrian and non-motorized pathways with supporting architectural elements, which promote community and tourism connection, education, engagement, traditional mobility, and preservation. These conceptual connections are designed to facilitate an alternative method to tourism on Manitoulin that reflects the values of both indigenous and non-indigenous residents. At the same time, this concept addresses the current concerns of the residents going beyond tourism and serves as a foundation for the future growth and development of Manitoulin Island. The recent public engagement conducted by the Municipality of Central Manitoulin serves as a starting point for the design with the needs of established communities. This engagement was further refined through mixed methods, including in-depth personal interviews, which detail the resident’s perspectives. On-site observations involved travelling across the Island by car and hiking when possible, along with photographs and videos capturing the current conditions of the Island. This visit to Manitoulin revealed the lack of connection between urban communities and the natural environment. The number of inaccessible spaces outside the core tourist areas also became apparent through this exploration. These experiences led to the analysis of strategies which lay the foundation for forming linkages and determining the impact of different program elements like the design of the PEI Island Walk and Joe Louis Greenway. The conceptual strategy and the preceding Three-Scale Framework were developed considering the recent Manitoulin Adaptation Strategy and the concerns expressed during the aforementioned public engagements and supplemental interviews. However, the bias of the researcher remains a factor. The designer has the final say on the placement of pathways, rest areas, washrooms, new program and what they perceive will be successful. There is also division among residents of Manitoulin Island regarding development, with some who would be opposed to this intervention. It will be important to emphasize the direct benefits to the Island’s overall sustainability this concept can provide. The inherent bias of the designer will always be a valid point of criticism, particularly when working in a context where they are not a resident. Despite the level of engagement and research conducted, the final design will ultimately reflect the designer’s personal vision and beliefs. The large scale of Manitoulin Island and the complexities of land ownership present additional challenges in implementing such a comprehensive proposal. Finally, while there is evidence of growing interest in slow adventure tourism and a desire for this type of intervention from residents, the true success of the proposal can only be determined through actual implementation. Architects often overlook rural areas in their efforts to address urban issues. In Canada, it has become increasingly important to support rural communities in their planning efforts due to the growing tourism industry and the challenges it presents. By fostering connections between communities and between residents and tourists, a socially sustainable environment can be created through collaboration and shared opportunities. This connection can also provide residents and tourists with a closer relationship to their history and environment, promoting education and exposure to the natural environment. It also leads to a more conscious mindset regarding their ecological effect. The methods for implementation, program, and Placeknowing can be utilized in related contexts. en_US
dc.description.abstract Manitou Miikana explores the potential of developing communal experiences as a means of addressing historical and tourist-related concerns within the Canadian rural landscape. The creation of these experiences also seeks to foster a deeper connection and respect for our natural environment. However, each context in Canada must be studied independently to facilitate a meaningful analysis and conceptual intervention. This statement is informed by the concepts of people’s sense of place that exist in a specific location and placeknowing. Placeknowing specifically speaks to the importance of contextually informed design, which is influenced by community understanding and societal interest. Manitoulin Island in Ontario, Canada, was selected as a site to study the potential and underlying challenges in rural areas due to its unique context, significant history, and the researcher’s connection to the location. The intention of this study was to analyze the existing challenges and issues specific to Manitoulin Island. These challenges relate to the increase in tourism and the resulting disconnections between residents and tourists. Observations of resident-tourist dynamics revealed preexisting issues which relate to the historical disconnections between indigenous and non-indigenous communities. With the issues identified, the investigation looks to create meaningful and engaging communal experiences that will provide a sense of connection to the Island and its community, including resident groups and the increasing number of tourists. Several methods were used to understand the issues, needs, and challenges specific to Manitoulin, including analysis of historical treaties, community meetings and community engagement reports, resident and tourist interviews, architectural and rural case studies, and on-site documentation of conditions across seasons. The outcomes of these studies revealed a specific desire for deeper connections between indigenous and non-indigenous residents. While tourists are interested in a more profound experience relating to the Island’s environment and history, which would build resident and tourist relationships. Multiple frameworks were designed to address Manitoulin at the island, community, and individual scales. These scales are connected through the decided approach for Manitoulin: a pedestrian path network that will simultaneously address the lack of community linkages while creating an overall experience that brings attention to the environment and history, building awareness, respect, and understanding for both aspects. Supporting indoor spaces and wayfinding elements were developed, which emulate geological history as well as contemporary and historical Canadian art philosophies, providing further space for collective recreation and education. The resulting proposal illustrates that interventions which support communal experiences address more than lacking physical connections but also emerging and historical issues and needs. The research demonstrates the ability to learn from a community and provide a comprehensive strategy rooted in its context. This strategy can influence design interventions for other rural contexts in Canada that are similar to Manitoulin Island. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Manitoulin Island en_US
dc.subject Trail en_US
dc.subject Placeknowing en_US
dc.subject Sustainability en_US
dc.subject Rural en_US
dc.subject Colonization en_US
dc.subject Tourism en_US
dc.subject Sense of Place en_US
dc.subject Resident and Tourist Relationships en_US
dc.subject Wayfinding en_US
dc.title Manitou Miikana en_US
dc.title.alternative Developing Opportunities for Connection, Education, and Preservation on Manitoulin Island, Ontario en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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